Red Square
Moscow, Central Federal District, Russia

The Moscow Kremlin
Photo: Joergsam License: CC BY-SA 4.0
The Moscow Kremlin is a historic fortified complex at the heart of Moscow. It includes five palaces, four cathedrals, and the enclosing Kremlin Wall with Kremlin towers. The complex serves as the official residence of the President of the Russian Federati

Map of the Area Around

The existing Kremlin walls and towers were built by Italian masters over the years 1485 to 1495. The irregular triangle of the Kremlin wall encloses an area of 275,000 square metres (68 acres).

Kremlin Categories

  • Castles and Palaces

    The oldest secular structure still standing is Ivan III's Palace of Facets, which holds the imperial thrones. The next oldest is the first home of the royal family, the Terem Palace. The Terem Palace and the Palace of Facets are linked by the Grand Kremlin Palace.
  • Government

    The name Kremlin means "fortress inside a city" and is often used to refer to the government of the Russian Federation in a similar sense to how the White House is used to refer to the Executive Office of the President of the United States.
  • World Heritage Site

    The Kremlin Museums were established in 1961 and the complex was among the first Soviet patrimonies inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1990.

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