Monuments and Memorials

Landmarks dedicated to the memory of important people and events.

Akshardham

New Delhi, Delhi, 110092, India
Akshardham
The main monument, at the center of the Akshardham complex, is 141-foot (43 m) high, 316-foot (96 m) wide, and 356-foot (109 m) long, and is covered top to bottom with carved details of flora, fauna, dancers, musicians, and deities.top

Arc de Triomphe

Paris, Île-de-France Region, France
Arc-de-Triomphe
Beneath the Arc is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I. Interred on Armistice Day 1920. A ceremony is held at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier every 11 November on the anniversary of the armistice signed by the Entente Powers and Germany in 1918.top

Arch of Triumph

Pyongyang, North Korea
Arch-of-Triumph
Inaugurated on the occasion of President Kim Il-sung's 70th birthday, the Arch of Triumph was built to honor his role in the military resistance for Korean independence.top

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, Virginia, United States of America
Arlington-National-Cemetery
The cemetery was established on the grounds of Arlington House, formerly the estate of the family of Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna Custis Lee, a descendant of Martha Washington.top

Azadi Tower

Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Azadi-Tower
Built in 1971 in commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire, this "Gateway into Iran" was named the Shahyad Tower (meaning "Remembrance of the Shahs") but dubbed Azadi (Freedom) after the Iranian Revolution of 1979.top

Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor)

Berlin, Germany
Brandenburg-Gate-(Brandenburger-Tor)
The only remaining gate of a series through which one formerly entered Berlin, the gate is the monumental entry to Unter den Linden, the renowned boulevard of linden trees which formerly led directly to the city palace of the Prussian monarchs.top

Gateway Arch (St. Louis Arch)

St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America
Gateway-Arch-(St.-Louis-Arch)
Officially named the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, the arch was built to commemorate the Louisiana Purchase and St. Louis' role as the "gateway" to the western frontier of the early United States.top

Gateway of India

Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Gateway-of-India
The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Bombay in December 1911 and was opened in December of 1924. The Gateway is a basalt arch 26 meters (85 feet) high.top

Jefferson Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America
Jefferson-Memorial
The Jefferson Memorial was officially dedicated on April 13, 1943 — the 200th anniversary of Jefferson's birthday.top

Kumsusan Palace of the Sun

Pyongyang, North Korea
Kumsusan-Palace-of-the-Sun
Following President Kim Il-sung's death in 1994, his son Kim Jong-il had the building renovated and transformed into his father's mausoleum. top

Lincoln Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America
Lincoln-Memorial
The Lincoln Memorial replicates the form of a Greek Doric temple and contains a large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and inscriptions of two well-known speeches by Lincoln.top

Martyrs' Memorial

El Madania, Algiers, Algeria
Martyrs'-Memorial
The Martyrs' Memorial is fashioned in the shape of three standing palm leaves which shelter the "Eternal Flame" beneath. At the edge of each palm leaf stands a statue of a soldier, each representing a stage of Algeria's struggle.top

Maungakiekie One Tree Hill

Auckland, Auckland Region, 1051, New Zealand
Maungakiekie-One-Tree-Hill
On the summit of Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill is the grave of Sir John Logan Campbell surmounted by an obelisk. Campbell bequeathed Ł5000 for an obelisk on the summit of Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill as a memorial to Māori.top

Monument to Enrico Martinez

Mexico City, Mexico Distrito Federal, Mexico
Monument-to-Enrico-Martinez
Enrico Martinez was in charge of draining the Valley around Mexico City in the early 17th century. He was unsuccessful. The base shows the level that the water had reach during the floods.top

Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania

Tipaza Province, Algeria
Royal-Mausoleum-of-Mauretania
The Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania is a funerary monument on the road between Cherchell and Algiers. The Mausoleum is the tomb where Berber Juba II and Cleopatra Selene II, king and queen of Mauretania, are buried.top

Site of the Buddhas of Bamiyan

Bamyan Province, Afghanistan
Site-of-the-Buddhas-of-Bamiyan
The smaller of the statues was built between 544 and 595, the larger was built between 591 and 644. They are believed to have been built by the Kushans, with the guidance of local Buddhist monks.top

Three Dikgosi Monument

Gaborone, Gaborone District, Botswana
Three-Dikgosi-Monument
The monument features 5.4 meter (18 feet) tall bronze statues of three dikgosi, or chiefs, who played important roles in Botswana's independence. Dedicated in September of 2005, the monument is the most visited tourist destination in Gaborone.top

Tower of the Juche Idea

Pyongyang, North Korea
Tower-of-the-Juche-Idea
Completed in 1982, The Juche Tower was made to commemorate Kim Il Sung's 70th birthday. The tower contains 25,550 blocks, one for each day of Kim Il Sung's life.top


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