Fortresses and Other Defensive Structures

Structures built as defense against attacks, usually fortified and occupied by military personnel.

Belém Tower

Lisbon, Lisboa Region, 1400-038, Portugal
Belém-Tower
Belém Tower (the Tower of St Vincent) is a fortified tower. It was commissioned by King John II in 1515 to be part of a defense system at the mouth of the Tagus river and a ceremonial gateway to Lisbon.top

Casbah of Algiers

Algiers, Algeria
Casbah-of-Algiers
The Casbah is the citadel (a fortress that protects a town) of Algiers and the neighborhoods clustered around it. The Casbah played a central role during the Algerian struggle for independence (1954-1962).top

Djemila

Setif Province, Algeria
Djemila
Djemila is a mountain village where some of the best preserved Berbero-Roman ruins in North Africa are found. Under the name of Cuicul, the city was built during the first century A.D. as a military garrison. top

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh, Lothian, EH1 2NG, Scotland
Edinburgh-Castle
Edinburgh Castle is a castle fortress which dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position atop the volcanic Castle Rock. Human habitation of the site is dated back as far as the 9th century BC.top

Fortaleza de San Fernando de Omoa

Omoa, Cortés Department, Honduras
Fortaleza-de-San-Fernando-de-Omoa
The Spanish fort was involved in a battle with the British in October, 1779, because Spain became an ally of the United States. The craters from the British bombardment are still visible in the walls of the fort today.top

Mont Saint-Michel

Manche Department, 50170, France
Mont-Saint-Michel
Mont Saint-Michel was used in the sixth and seventh centuries as an Armorican stronghold of Gallo-Roman culture and power until it was ransacked by the Franks.top

Red Fort

New Delhi, Delhi, India
Red-Fort
The Red Fort, constructed by Shah Jahan, was built as the fortified palace of Shahjahanabad, capital of the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in 1648. It was named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone.top

The Castle of Saint George

Lisbon, Lisboa, 1100-129, Portugal
The-Castle-of-Saint-George
The hilltop that the Castle of Saint George and its fortifications stand upon have served as a defensible outpost since Roman times. It was so well protected that it became a royal residence in 1255.top


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