Castles and Palaces

Private residences of nobles, head of states, and other important persons. Castles are fortified, while palaces are usually very fancy.

Amalienborg

Copenhagen, Capital Region, 1257, Denmark
Amalienborg
Amalienborg was originally built for four noble families; however, when Christiansborg Palace burnt down on 26 February 1794, the Danish royal family bought the palaces and moved in.top

Buckingham Palace

London, Greater London, SW1A 1AA, England
Buckingham-Palace
Buckingham Palace became the official royal palace of the British monarch on the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837. top

Chehel Sotoun

Isfahan, Isfahan Province, Iran
Chehel-Sotoun
Chehel Sotoun is a pavilion built by Shah Abbas II, the Shah of Iran from 1642 to 1666, to be used for his entertainment and receptions. In this palace, Shah Abbas II and his successors would receive dignitaries and ambassadors.top

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh, Lothian, EH1 2NG, Scotland
Edinburgh-Castle
Edinburgh Castle is a castle fortress which dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position atop the volcanic Castle Rock. Human habitation of the site is dated back as far as the 9th century BC.top

Fort Belvedere

London, Greater London, England
Fort-Belvedere
From 1929 Fort Belvedere was the home of Edward, Prince of Wales, who greatly renovated the house and grounds, and was the site of Edward's abdication as King in 1936.top

Grand Palace

Bangkok, Central Thailand Region, 10200, Thailand
Grand-Palace
The Grand Palace was built in 1782, when King Rama I decided to move the capital city. Initially built entirely out of wood, but over the following years, the wooden structures would be replaced with with masonry.top

Hermitage Museum

St. Petersburg, Northwestern Federal District, Russia
Hermitage-Museum
Once the home of emperors, the State Hermitage is a museum of art and culture. It is one of the largest and oldest museums in the world. It was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great and has been open to the public since 1852.top

Kremlin

Moscow, Central Federal District, Russia
Kremlin
The oldest secular structure still standing is Ivan III's Palace of Facets, which holds the imperial thrones. The next oldest is the first home of the royal family, the Terem Palace. The Terem Palace and the Palace of Facets are linked by the Grand Kremlin Palace.top

Kronborg Castle

Helsing°r, Capital Region, 3000, Denmark
Kronborg-Castle
Kronborg is a castle and stronghold. Immortalized as Elsinore in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Kronborg is one of the most important Renaissance castles in Northern Europe. The castle is situated on the extreme northeastern tip of the island of Zealand.top

Kyoto Imperial Palace

Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, 602-0881, Japan
Kyoto-Imperial-Palace
Before the Japanese capital was moved to Tokyo in 1869, the Kyoto Imperial Palace was the home of the Emperor. The preservation of the palace was ordered in 1877, and has since remained an example of Japanese imperial architecture. top

Lazienki Palace

Warsaw, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
Lazienki-Palace
The Bathhouse was remodeled between 1764 to 1795. On the first floor are the royal apartments, the upper picture gallery, the balcony room, the king's cabinet, the royal bed chambers, the cloakroom, and the officer's room.top

National Palace

Mexico City, Mexico Distrito Federal, Mexico
National-Palace
This site functioned as the Aztec leader Moctezuma II's residence. The richness of the palace surprised CortÚs, who rebuilt it into a massive fortress.top

Neuschwanstein Castle

Hohenschwangau, Germany
Neuschwanstein-Castle
Started by King Ludwig II in 1869. It was built to model medieval castles of Europe. Complete in 1884, King Ludwig only lived there 2 years before his death.top

Palace and Gardens of Sch÷nbrunn

Vienna, Austria
Palace-and-Gardens-of-Sch÷nbrunn
Sch÷nbrunn Palace is a former imperial 1,441 room Rococo summer residence for the emperor and court of Habsburg. The name Sch÷nbrunn means "beautiful spring" - an artesian well from which water was consumed by the court.top

Palace of Versailles

Versailles, ╬le-de-France Region, France
Palace-of-Versailles
In French, it is known as the ChÔteau de Versailles and was home of the monarchy from 1682 to 1789. The court of Versailles was the center of political power in France until the French Revolution.top

Pena National Palace

Sintra, Lisboa, 2710-609, Portugal
Pena-National-Palace
King Ferdinand set out to transform the remains of a former monastery into a palace that would serve as a summer residence for the Portuguese royal family. The Pena National Palace was constructed between 1842ľ1854.top

Red Fort

New Delhi, Delhi, India
Red-Fort
There are several palaces inside the walls of The Red Fort, which were built to house the emperor, his wives, other family members, and staff. The first was built in 1648.top

Royal Palace of Madrid

Madrid, Spain
Royal-Palace-of-Madrid
The Palacio Real de Madrid is the official residence or the Royal Family of Spain, but they use it only for ceremonies. The palace was the home of King Charles III in 1764. The last royal to live there was Alfonso XIII.top

Tajbeg Palace (Queen's Palace)

Kabul, Kabul Province, Afghanistan
Tajbeg-Palace-(Queen's-Palace)
Built in the 1920s, the stately mansion sits atop a knoll among foothills where the Afghan royal family once hunted and picnicked. During the Soviet war in Afghanistan it served as the headquarters of the Soviet 40th Army.top

The Castle of Saint George

Lisbon, Lisboa, 1100-129, Portugal
The-Castle-of-Saint-George
The Castle of Saint George contains the remnants of a royal palace, but all that is left are some walls and a few rebuilt rooms like the Casa Ogival. It now hosts the Olissipˇnia, a multimedia show about the history of Lisbon.top

The Louvre Museum

Paris, ╬le-de-France Region, France
The-Louvre-Museum
The Louvre Palace, which houses the Louvre Museum, was a fortress in the 12th century, with remnants of this building still visible in the crypt. The Louvre Palace was altered frequently throughout the Middle Ages. In the 14th century, Charles V converted the building into a residence.top

Tokyo Imperial Palace

Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan
Tokyo-Imperial-Palace
Built on the site of the old Edo castle, Tokyo Imperial Palace is the main residence of the Emperor of Japan. It is a large park-like area and contains several buildings including the main palace.top

Tower of London

London, Greater London, EC3N 4AB, England
Tower-of-London
A historic castle, was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public records office, and the home of the Crown Jewelstop

Ujazdˇw Castle

Warsaw, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
Ujazdˇw-Castle
Having been the location of two former royal palaces, King August II (reign: 1697ľ1706) ordered the construction of a new royal residence here in the 1670s. It has also served as a military barracks, a hospital, and a museum.top

Wawel

Krakˇw, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland
Wawel
Many kings of Poland lived lived at the royal residence, rebuilt between 1507 to 1536. The court had a small band of Italian artisans pioneering the Renaissance movement, at that time little known outside of Florence.top


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