Ancient Structures

Landmarks that were built in antiquity and still survive today.

Abu Simbel

Egypt
Abu-Simbel
These twin temples were carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC. Their relocation in the 1960's was necessary to avoid their being submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser.top

Ancient City of Sigiriya

Matale District, Central Province, Sri Lanka
Ancient-City-of-Sigiriya
Sigiriya (Lion's rock) is an ancient rock fortress and ruins of a castle. It was used as a rock-shelter mountain monastery in ancient times, and the garden and palace were built by King Kashyapa in the fifth century A.D.top

Aqueduct of Segovia

Segovia, Segovia, 40001, Spain
Aqueduct-of-Segovia
The actual date of the Aqueduct of Segovia's construction has always been considered a mystery although it was thought to have been during the 1st century AD. It is still working and brings water into the city.top

Beni Hammad Fort

M'Sila Province, Algeria
Beni-Hammad-Fort
The city became the capital of the Hammadid Berbers, and sustained a siege from the Zirid in 1017. In 1090 it was abandoned under the menace of the Banu Hilal, and was partly destroyed by the Almohads in 1152.top

Buthrotum

Sarande District, Albania
Buthrotum
Buthrotum is an archeological site which was an ancient Greek and later Roman city. The city was abandoned during the Middle Ages after a major earthquake flooded most of the city. Today, it is part of the Butrint National Park.top

Caracol

Cayo District, Belize
Caracol
Populated as early as 1200 BC, Caracol was one of the largest ancient Maya cities, covering some 177 km² with an estimated population of over 100,000. There are approximately 267 structures per square kilometer.top

Chichen Itza

Yucatan, Mexico
Chichen-Itza
Chichen Itza is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, some reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico to the Puuc style found among the Puuc Maya of the northerntop

Colosseum

Rome, Lazio, Italy
Colosseum
Originally capable of seating around 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. Other public spectacles were held there, such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, atop

Conímbriga Ruins

Portugal
Conímbriga-Ruins
Conímbriga is the best-preserved Roman ruins in Portugal. Archaeological evidence tells us that Conímbriga was inhabited between the 9th century BC and 7th / 8th century AD.top

Copán

Copán Department, Honduras
Copán
Copán was a site of agriculture before the first known stone architecture was built in the region about the 9th century B.C. Most of the structures in the area were built after 426 A.D. during its peak as a ruling city.top

Delphi Theater

Delphi, Central Greece, Greece
Delphi-Theater
The ancient theatre at Delphi was originally built in the 4th century BC but was remodeled on several occasions since. Its 35 rows can seat 5,000 spectators.top

Djemila

Setif Province, Algeria
Djemila
Djemila is a mountain village where some of the best preserved Berbero-Roman ruins in North Africa are found. Under the name of Cuicul, the city was built during the first century A.D. as a military garrison. top

El Castillo

Yucatan, Mexico
El-Castillo
Built by the Maya civilization sometime between the 11th and 13th centuries AD, "El Castillo" served as a temple to the god Kukulcan.top

Great Pyramid of Giza (Khufu, Cheops)

Giza, Egypt
Great-Pyramid-of-Giza-(Khufu,-Cheops)
This is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.top

Great Sphinx of Giza

Giza, Egypt
Great-Sphinx-of-Giza
The largest monolith statue in the world, it stands 73.5 metres (241 ft) long, 6 m (20 ft) wide, and 20 m (65 ft) high. Commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians in the 3rd millennium BC, it is the earliest known monumental sculpture.top

Pantheon

Rome, Lazio Region, 00186 Roma, Italy
Pantheon
The building was commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD) and rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian about 126 AD.top

Parthenon

Athens, Greece
Parthenon
The Parthenon is a temple of the Greek goddess Athena, built in the 5th century BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece. Its decorative sculptures are considered one of the high points of Greek art.top

Persepolis (Takht-e Jamshid or Parseh)

Fars, Iran
Persepolis-(Takht-e-Jamshid--or-Parseh)
The ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire during the Achaemenid dynasty (558 - 330 BCE), the buildings at Persepolis include three general groupings: military quarters, the treasury, and the reception halls and occasional houses for the King.top

Petra

Petra, Jordan
Petra
2,000 year old city carved into Mount Hor of Jordan. It was discovered in 1812. Many temples, tombs, and buildings were chiseled by hand from the mountain cliffs.top

Philae Temple

Red Sea Governorate, Egypt
Philae-Temple
Philae is mentioned by numerous ancient writers. A temple for Isis was built during 380-362 BC. Other ruins date from the Ptolemaic times (282-145 BC), with many traces of Roman work in Philae dedicated to Ammon-Osiris.top

Potala Palace

Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China
Potala-Palace
The Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala, India after an invasion and failed uprising in 1959. Today the Potala Palace has been converted into a museum by the Chinese.top

Roman Temples at Baalbek

Baalbek, Lebanon
Roman-Temples-at-Baalbek
Baalbeck, with its colossal structures, is one of the finest examples of Imperial Roman architecture at its height. Known as Heliopolis, the city was one of the largest sanctuaries in the Empire.top

Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania

Tipaza Province, Algeria
Royal-Mausoleum-of-Mauretania
The monument was built in 3 BC by the last King of Numidia, and later King of Mauretania, Juba II, and his wife Cleopatra Selene II, an Egyptian Greek Ptolemaic princess, the daughter of the Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony.top

Site of the Buddhas of Bamiyan

Bamyan Province, Afghanistan
Site-of-the-Buddhas-of-Bamiyan
In the 2nd century, the Bamiyam (also Bamyan or Bamwan) Valley was part of the silk road and the site of a Buddhist monastery.top

Stonehenge

Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England
Stonehenge
Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones and sits at the centre of the densest complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England.top

The Castle of Saint George

Lisbon, Lisboa, 1100-129, Portugal
The-Castle-of-Saint-George
Although the first fortifications on the hilltop where The Castle of Saint George now stands date to the 2nd century BC, archaeological excavations have identified a human presence as far back as the 6th century BC.top

Tikal

Petén Department, Guatemala
Tikal
Many of the ruins at Tikal date back as far as the 4th century BC The area reached its peak during the Mayan Classic Period, about 200 to 900 AD. During this time, the city politically dominated much of the Maya region.top


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