World Heritage Site

The World Heritage Site program catalogs, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humanity. The program is run by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).

Abu Simbel

Egypt
Abu-Simbel
These twin temples were carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC. Their relocation in the 1960's was necessary to avoid their being submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser.top

Ancient City of Sigiriya

Matale District, Central Province, Sri Lanka
Ancient-City-of-Sigiriya
Sigiriya (Lion's rock) is an ancient rock fortress and ruins of a castle. It was used as a rock-shelter mountain monastery in ancient times, and the garden and palace were built by King Kashyapa in the fifth century A.D.top

Belém Tower

Lisbon, Lisboa Region, 1400-038, Portugal
Belém-Tower
Since 1983, Belém Tower has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of the significant role it played in the Portuguese maritime discoveries of the era of the Age of Discoveries.top

Beni Hammad Fort

M'Sila Province, Algeria
Beni-Hammad-Fort
In 1980, Beni Hammad Fort was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and described as "an authentic picture of a fortified Muslim city".top

Buthrotum

Sarande District, Albania
Buthrotum
Buthrotum is an archeological site which was an ancient Greek and later Roman city. The city was abandoned during the Middle Ages after a major earthquake flooded most of the city. Today, it is part of the Butrint National Park.top

Casbah of Algiers

Algiers, Algeria
Casbah-of-Algiers
The Casbah is the citadel (a fortress that protects a town) of Algiers and the neighborhoods clustered around it. The Casbah played a central role during the Algerian struggle for independence (1954-1962).top

Chehel Sotoun

Isfahan, Isfahan Province, Iran
Chehel-Sotoun
The site is known as The Persian Garden on UNESCO's World Heritage Site list. There is a collection of nine gardens, selected from various regions of Iran, which influenced the design of gardens in Asia and Europe.top

Chichen Itza

Yucatan, Mexico
Chichen-Itza
Chichen Itza is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, some reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico to the Puuc style found among the Puuc Maya of the northerntop

Cologne Cathedral

Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Cologne-Cathedral
In 1996, the cathedral was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List of culturally important sites. top

Delphi Theater

Delphi, Central Greece, Greece
Delphi-Theater
The ancient theatre at Delphi was originally built in the 4th century BC but was remodeled on several occasions since. Its 35 rows can seat 5,000 spectators.top

Djemila

Setif Province, Algeria
Djemila
In 1982, Djemila became a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its unique adaptation of Roman architecture to a mountain environment. Significant buildings in Djemila include a theatre, two fora, temples, basilicas, arches, streets, and houses.top

El Castillo

Yucatan, Mexico
El-Castillo
Built by the Maya civilization sometime between the 11th and 13th centuries AD, "El Castillo" served as a temple to the god Kukulcan.top

Great Wall of China

China
Great-Wall-of-China
The Great Wall stretches over approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles) from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in the west. Some portions north of Beijing and near tourist centers have been preserved, but in many locations the Wall is in disrepair.top

Horezu Monastery

Horezu, Wallachia, Romania
Horezu-Monastery
The Monastery of Horezu was founded in 1690 by Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu. It is known for its architectural purity and balance, the richness of its sculpted detail, its treatment of religious compositions, its votive portraits, and its painted decorattop

Iguazu Falls

Paraná, Brazil
Iguazu-Falls
The Iguazu Falls are shared by the Iguazú National Park (Argentina) and Iguaçu National Park (Brazil). The two parks were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1984 and 1987, respectively.top

Kinkaku-ji: Temple of the Golden Pavilion

Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, 603-8361, Japan
Kinkaku-ji:-Temple-of-the-Golden-Pavilion
Kinkaku-ji is a Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan. The garden complex is an excellent example of Muromachi period garden design. The Golden Pavilion is one of the most popular buildings in Japan, attracting a large number of visitors annually.top

Kremlin

Moscow, Central Federal District, Russia
Kremlin
The Kremlin Museums were established in 1961 and the complex was among the first Soviet patrimonies inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1990.top

Kronborg Castle

Helsingør, Capital Region, 3000, Denmark
Kronborg-Castle
Kronborg Castle was added to UNESCO's World Heritage Sites list in the year 2000, for its historic role as a Renaissance castles in Northern Europe and its symbolic value to the Danish people.top

Lake Baikal

Siberian Federal District, Russia
Lake-Baikal
Lake Baikal was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996. It is the largest fresh water lake in the world.top

Leaning Tower of Pisa

Pisa, Tuscany, Italy
Leaning-Tower-of-Pisa
In 1987 the Leaning Tower of Pisa was declared part of the Piazza del Duomo UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the neighboring cathedral, baptistery and cemetery.top

Metéora

Thessaly, Greece
Metéora
The Metéora is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.top

Minaret of Jam

Shahrak District, Ghōr Province, Afghanistan
Minaret-of-Jam
The Minaret of Jam is a 62-metre high minaret that was built in the 1190s entirely of baked-bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick, stucco and glazed tile decoration, geometric patterns, and verses from the Qur'an.top

Mont Saint-Michel

Manche Department, 50170, France
Mont-Saint-Michel
One of France's most recognizable landmarks, Mont Saint-Michel and its bay are part of the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites and more than 3 million people visit it each year.top

Mount Fuji

Japan
Mount-Fuji
The mountain has been selected as a “cultural” rather than a “natural” heritage site by UNESCO. The organization says that Mount Fuji has “inspired artists and poets and been the object of pilgrimage for centuries”.top

Mount Kinabalu

Sabah, Malaysia
Mount-Kinabalu
Kinabalu and its surroundings are considered among the most important biological sites in the world, with between 5000 and 6000 species of plants, 326 species of birds, and more than 100 mammalian species identified. Among this rich collection of wildlife are famous species such as the gigantic Rafftop

Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn

Vienna, Austria
Palace-and-Gardens-of-Schönbrunn
UNESCO placed Schönbrunn Palace on the World Heritage List in 1996, together with its gardens, as a remarkable Baroque ensemble and example of synthesis of the arts.top

Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament)

London, Greater London, SW1A 2PW, England
Palace-of-Westminster-(Houses-of-Parliament)
This is where the two Houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (the House of Lords and the House of Commons) meet. It is also famous for its bell tower which is the home of Big Ben.top

Park Güell

Barcelona, Catalonia, 08024, Spain
Park-Güell
In 1984, UNESCO declared the park a World Heritage Site under “Works of Antoni Gaudí”, a renowned architect and the face of Catalan modernism.top

Parthenon

Athens, Greece
Parthenon
The Parthenon is a temple of the Greek goddess Athena, built in the 5th century BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece. Its decorative sculptures are considered one of the high points of Greek art.top

Pena National Palace

Sintra, Lisboa, 2710-609, Portugal
Pena-National-Palace
The Pena National Palace is one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal.top

Persepolis (Takht-e Jamshid or Parseh)

Fars, Iran
Persepolis-(Takht-e-Jamshid--or-Parseh)
The ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire during the Achaemenid dynasty (558 - 330 BCE), the buildings at Persepolis include three general groupings: military quarters, the treasury, and the reception halls and occasional houses for the King.top

Philae Temple

Red Sea Governorate, Egypt
Philae-Temple
The Philae Temple and surrounding monuments are included on UNESCO's World Heritage Site list under the title Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae.top

Potala Palace

Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China
Potala-Palace
The Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala, India after an invasion and failed uprising in 1959. Today the Potala Palace has been converted into a museum by the Chinese.top

Red Fort

New Delhi, Delhi, India
Red-Fort
The Red Fort was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007 as part of the Red Fort Complex.top

Roman Temples at Baalbek

Baalbek, Lebanon
Roman-Temples-at-Baalbek
Baalbeck, with its colossal structures, is one of the finest examples of Imperial Roman architecture at its height. Known as Heliopolis, the city was one of the largest sanctuaries in the Empire.top

Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania

Tipaza Province, Algeria
Royal-Mausoleum-of-Mauretania
The Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania and the group of ruins that are located along the Mediterranean Sea were recognized and listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982.top

Sagrada Família Church of the Holy Family

Barcelona, Catalonia, 08013, Spain
Sagrada-Família-Church-of-the-Holy-Family
Although incomplete, the Church of the Holy Family is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.top

Site of the Buddhas of Bamiyan

Bamyan Province, Afghanistan
Site-of-the-Buddhas-of-Bamiyan
The Buddha statues (no longer standing) and the cave art in Bamiyan Valley are an outstanding representation of the Gandharan school in Buddhist art in the Central Asian region.top

St. Margaret's Church

London, Greater London, SW1A 2PW, England
St.-Margaret's-Church
Dedicated to Margaret of Antioch and originally founded in the 12th century by Benedictine monks, St. Margaret's was rebuilt from 1486 to 1523. It became the parish of the Palace of Westminster (Parliament) in 1614.top

Stonehenge

Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England
Stonehenge
Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones and sits at the centre of the densest complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England.top

Sydney Opera House

Sydney, New South Wales, NSW 2001, Australia
Sydney-Opera-House
This building is one of the best known icons of Australia. The Opera House covers 1.8 hectares (4.5 acres) of land. It is 183 metres (605 feet) long and about 120 metres (388 feet) wide at its widest point.top

Taj Mahal

Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Taj-Mahal
Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal is actually an integrated complex of structures, not just the white domed marble mausoleum that most people know.top

Tassili n'Ajjer

Algeria
Tassili-n'Ajjer
Tassili n'Ajjer is also noted for its prehistoric rock art and other ancient archaeological sites. Since the discovery of the artwork in 1933, 15,000 engravings have been identified to date.top

Tikal

Petén Department, Guatemala
Tikal
Tikal was the capital of a conquest state that became one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Maya. It is the best understood of any of the large lowland Maya cities and gives a sense of what the Mayan culture was like.top

Tomb of Askia

Gao, Gao Region, Mali
Tomb-of-Askia
Askia Mohammed was the first Askia emperor and greatly expanded the Songhaii Empire. Legend says that when he returned from a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1495, he brought back with him the materials to make his tomb; all of the mud and wood come from Mecca.top

Tsodilo

Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Tsodilo
Located in northwestern Botswana, Tsodilo gained its WHS listing in 2001 because of its unique religious and spiritual significance to local peoples, as well as its unique record of human settlement over many millennia.top

Uluru (Ayers Rock)

Northern Territory, Australia
Uluru-(Ayers-Rock)
This world-renowned sandstone formation stands 348 m (1,142 ft) high (863 m/2,831 ft above sea level) with most of its bulk below the ground, and measures 9.4 km (5.8 mi) in circumference.top

Westminster Abbey

London, Greater London, SW1A 2PW, England
Westminster-Abbey
Westminster Abbey is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and later British monarchs. It briefly held the status of a cathedral from 1546-1556, and is currently a Royal Peculiar directly under the jurisdiction of the monarch.top


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